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Accession number B 70
Title Torah Scroll
Date 16th century
Notes Caption

Torah Scroll produced by the 16th century Jews in Yemen, at the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. Yemenite Jews were among the oldest of the Jewish communities outside the land of Israel.
The scroll is hand-lettered in Hebrew on sheep skins. A scribe usually took one year to complete one Torah scroll. Rabbis implemented stringent rules for the copying of the Hebrew manuscripts, including requiring a scribe to pronounce every word out loud before writing it, not writing any word from memory but only while looking at another scroll, and counting each letter on a line and page to make certain nothing had been added. Such requirements helped preserve the accuracy of the sacred writings down through the centuries.
The Torah is the Law or the five books of Scripture written by Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The Torah contains the foundation of both the Jewish and Christian faiths. Here a framework for understanding the world and man's place in the world is given -
"God's creation of the world and all in it
"Adam and Eve in Eden and the curse for their disobedience
"Noah and the Flood
"the earliest civilizations in Mesopotamia and Egypt,
"the call and promises to Abraham,
"the bondage in Egypt and God's deliverance.
In the Torah are
"the 10 commandments (Exodus 20; Deuteronomy 5),
"the declaration that "The Lord our God, He is One! You shall love the Lord with all your heart, with all your mind, and with all your strength" (Deuteronomy 6),
"and the commands "You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy," and "You shall love your neighbor as yourself." (Leviticus 19:2, 18).

Scroll on permanent loan from Sagemont Church.